History Of Pictorial Maps

What are pictorial maps? It is another category of maps that is known in other names such as Geopictorial maps, panoramic maps, bird’s eye view maps, perspective maps and illustrated maps. The difference between pictorial maps and the usual road maps or Atlas we knew is that it illustrates a certain area in a more artistic approach rather than technicality. The drawings can be presented using a landscape with three dimensional perspectives or it can be very simple with graphic elements that symbolize people, animals and buildings within it.

These pictorial maps are being made since a century ago by a team of artists who specialize in the field. There is diverse art involved in the process and artworks made are either as simple as a placemat used in eateries or arts displayed on museums nowadays.

The most conventional way of portraying a pictorial map is usually by designing a territory from an unusual angle viewed from above. It is not in the characteristic of illustrated maps to be drawn according to scale and does not follow the usual street patterns indicated. The buildings as well as the landscapes on the map are usually drawn depending on the artist’s perspective. In contrast to the usual maps purchased where everything is drawn in scale in order to determine the approximate distance of places from one point to another, pictorial maps focuses more on an area’s landmarks and uses diverse scaling in order for the viewer to appreciate the more important parts or establishments in an area.

Throughout history, it has been proven that pictorial maps are mostly used for various reasons and not just for direction or to pinpoint landmarks. Most pictorial maps are used to showcase a country’s cuisine, the tourist attractions in a city or the history of a certain place. Nowadays, in a more modern setting, these pictorials maps are either hand drawn by artists or created using various computer software of the modern age. Depending on the artist’s point of view and style, illustrated maps can vary greatly from one drawn as if from a cartoon or an artwork with more detail and focus.

How Yellow Ribbons And Umbrellas Became Prominent In Pro-Democracy Protests

The first time I experienced seeing yellow ribbons being tied around trees and fences was a few decades ago when Manila was expecting the arrival of Benigno Aquino, a popular critic of the Marcos administration. Benigno Aquino was coming back to his country and the people used yellow ribbons to show their support and love.

The second time I experienced those yellow ribbons was during the non-violent pro-democracy protests in Hongkong. Yellow ribbons adorned trees and railings near the Admiralty and it became the official color of the protests. Supporters all over the world sympathized with Hongkong by wearing yellow ribbons on their shirts and on their personal profiles in Facebook.

Yellow umbrellas were also a common sight as a protection against the sun and rain as well as tear gas. In fact, foreign media referred to the non-violent protests as an Umbrella Revolution. However, how can a flimsy umbrella protect an individual against the powerful tear gas? Protesters blocked the routes to offices and the crowd was so overwhelming that police had to use tear gas to disperse them. Sometimes, the crown numbers would peak at more than one hundred thousand and containment became a challenge for the Hongkong police forces.

On the other hand, not all of Hongkong were seen wearing the yellow ribbons. Some were unsympathetic to the protests and showed their disapproval with blue ribbons. After the disruptions to the financial district of Hongkong, some decided that it was enough. What they wanted was a peaceful Hongkong. They believe in civil rights and the pro-democracy protests but they feared that the peaceful gathering will eventually lead into violence which they did not want to happen in Hongkong.

Most of the streets were closed to traffic because the protesters occupied the major roads and people were unable to report to offices or transact business with the government. However, this is a phenomenon I never imagined for ribbons and umbrellas to become the icons of pro-democracy protests. The umbrella which is a common object used by people all over the world became a symbol and so did ribbons that were traditionally used to adorn clothing.

The Important Role Horses Played In People’s Lives both In The Past And Present

History of Horses

It is estimated that around 6000 years ago, horses were already domesticated. The first domestication of horses was in central Eurasia. Archeologists uncovered bridles that dated back to 4000 BC. The exploration was conducted in Eastern Europe. Along with the findings were antler cheek-pieces and toggles.

Before, horses were butchered and eaten for their meat. But gradually, man realized the strength horses possessed and its ability to be directed. From being the source of food, horses were used by men to transport goods. The animals were also ridden by men during hunting seasons and were used to carry soldiers and warriors when they engage in battles.

In the year 350 BC, a Greek named Xenophon wrote about horse care, training of horses and health of the animal. What was important about his writing is that it became the basis in choosing horses, managing it and training it.

The medieval period

During the medieval period, horses were used by people to help them in their farm and in riding them during warfare. It was in this period that the horse collar, nailed horse shoe and stirrup were developed. These items are now indispensable to a horse today. The stirrup provides the horse rider increased security and comfort. The nailed horseshoe enabled the horses to travel long distances while the horse collar allowed the horses to pull heavy loads with maximum efficiency.

Horses in today’s world

Today, horses are still a vital part to man’s unique undertakings. Horses endure the scorching heat of the sun and their master’s lashes when they are used to pull carriages in the cities. Horses are also used as a gambling tool for gamblers. With different sporting events involving horses, people give their bets on their favorite horse and rider.

Business in the printing industry has also made use of horses as icon and designs. Take for example brony.com which sells My Little Pony pajamas, My Little Pony clothes and My Little Pony hoodies. They came up with the unique idea to make horses as their company logo.

Indeed, through the course of history, horses have always helped man.